A JPEG is a standard image file format that is a universal method of displaying images. However, a JPEG is already processed by the camera when you download it to a computer. JPEGs have a small file size and take up less storage. This is ideal for when you are taking a lot of pictures. JPEGs also need to be processed less. The camera sharpens, contrasts, and saturates the photos for you. Thus making your editing time significantly less. This however, limits the control and flexibility you have in post-processing.
A RAW file is a file format that is completely untouched. They are not processed and filtered by the camera; they are raw data. They can not be seen by the human eye and need to be converted into another file format. However, RAW images can be coverted into beautiful and detailed images. This file format allows for more control over the highlights and shadows in post-processing. With RAW, you have the upmost control and flexibility over every setting in post-processing. You are able to adjust every detail unlike when post-processing a JPEG.
White balance is used to to get the colors in the picture as accurate as possible, as sometimes pictures can come out yellow, blue, etc. There are seven preset white balance settings: Auto, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Daylight/Sunny, Cloudy, Flash, and Shade. Auto allows the camera to make the best guess by basis and it works in most situations. Tungsten is for shooting indoors, specifically in lightbulb lighting, and it cools down the colors in the photos. Fluorescent compensates for the cool light and warms up the photos. Daylight/Sunny is not a setting every camera has because it sets the camera to fairly normal white balance settings. Cloudy warms up the shots more than the Daylight setting. Flash warms up the picture when the camera flash is used. Shade warms up the shots shot in the cool light of shade. To manually color balance, you can tell the camera what looks white by holding up a white card or paper, then taking the shot.
White Balance Settings:
- Auto: This setting lets the camera make the best guess on whether the shoot should be warmed up or cooled down.
- Tungsten: This setting is used for indoor lighting and cools down the shot.
- Fluorescent: This setting warms up the cool light in the shot.
- Daylight/Sunny: This setting sets the camera to a pretty normal white balance setting.
- Cloudy: This setting warms up the shot much more than the Daylight setting.
- Flash: This setting warms up the light created by the camera’s flash.
- Shade: This setting warms up the light in the shade.
- Keep the sun behind the subject. On overcast days, have the person tilt their head up and when indoors, light them directly.
- Use light reflectors or things like aluminum foil, styrofoam boards, etc. for shadows. Use a curtain to diffuse natural light. When you use a reflector, try not to light the subject from below. For natural light shoots, the best time of day is in the morning or evening.
- Make sure to keep in mind the background, so it is not too vibrant or bright.
- Shoot during different times of the day and at different angles. Look at how the atmosphere changes with the different lights.
- Take advantage of the natural light and work with the light available. Keep it simple as well.
- Shoot RAW so you can fix anything in post-production.
- When shooting outside, look for soft light. When shooting on an overcast day, keep the ISO low and shoot at a window.
- When shooting inside, turn off all the lights so they don’t compete with the natural light.
- Use a diffuser on a bright day. Shoot in the golden hour when light is less harsh.
- Avoid using strong direct light and shoot the same frame with different exposures.
I used aperture priority mode (Av Mode) so I could have a shallow depth of field and control how the frames I used look in the pictures. I think I have strong composition because I used depth of field to capture the objects I was framing. I also framed the objects by slanting the frames a bit. I think I edited my photos well; they are both vibrant and no longer really bright and dark. I experimented with the saturation and the vibrancy and in the end I really like it. If I were to do this assignment I would try shooting from different angles and slanting the frames a bit more to better my composition. I do hope that one of my pictures gets put on the home page but I do not think it is the best overall. I am proud of my photos for this assignment and I think that is the most important thing for me.
One of the main things I included for my All About Me Collage is music. I love Taylor Swift’s music and I have been a fan since I can remember. She is the person who inspired me to buy a guitar over four years ago; a decision I will never regret. I love Green Day and I just recently went to the Hella Mega Tour with my mom; I had the time of my life. Green Day, like Taylor Swift, has given me memories with my mom I will always cherish. Fall Out Boy has to be my favorite band of all time. They are lyrical geniuses and I loved seeing them live. The three other bands I have included are My Chemical Romance, Frank Iero and twenty one pilots. I was introduced to these bands a few years ago and I love that they make music about what matters to them. Gwen Stefani is an artist my mom introduced me to and her songs always bring back fond memories of her concert that we went to.
The stack of books is for my love of reading. I read The Great Gatsby for a book report a few years ago and I loved it. I love the movie, but I prefer the book. I love Friends and I watch it everyday when I get home. My mom, my grandma, my sister, and I watched all ten seasons in a row during quarantine. I included a polaroid photo because I love photography. I have a modern polaroid camera that I take with me when I travel. I love having pictures that aren’t digital, so I can put them on my wall. One of my favorite flowers are roses, specifically roses that aren’t just one color. I love the orange to pink and yellow to orange flowers. I recently discovered black roses as well. Starbucks is a staple in my life. I love strong coffee and drinks with caramel in them.
I am both a cat and a dog person and I included the Calico cat because my cat, Bella, is a Calico cat. She was the smallest in her litter and she looked pretty similar to the picture above when she was a kitten. The picture of the dog in the top right is a boxer. When I was little my dad had a boxer named Mac. He was very protective of me and my sister and when it was cold, we used to let him sleep inside. He was a very well behaved dog and a big part of my childhood. When he passed, we were devastated, my grandpa especially. We bought him a boxer dog about five years ago and his name is Coronel. The picture of the other dog is the dog I currently want; a Yorkie.
Capturing Action: To capture action, you should: get the settings right, choose your spot, get in the action, and get the timing and focus right. Getting the settings right means setting the camera to a high shutter speed. The faster the subject is, the faster your shutter speed would need to be. You need to consider your potential angles and options to choose your spot, this also depends on your lens and how far away or close you need to be. Getting in the action allows you to get closer to the subject by either getting as close as you can or zooming in with your lens. Timing is of the essence when it comes to capturing action, therefore, you may want to use burst mode to take more images per second. You need to hit your focus and may want to separate focusing from taking the picture by using the back button focus. Some cameras may even have a focus mode.
Capturing Motion: To capture motion blur, you should do three things: slow down the shutter speed, stabilize the camera, and put the camera in shutter priority mode (S or Tv). Slowing down the shutter speed is key to capturing motion blur because the shutter of the camera needs to stay open for longer. How slow your shutter speed needs to be depends on the speed of the subject, meaning the slower the subject, the slower the shutter speed should be. To capture motion blur, either the subject or the camera needs to move. To stabilize the camera, use a tripod or flat surface. When you put the camera in shutter priority mode, you have full control of the shutter speed, while the camera sets the ISO and aperture. If there is a lot of exposure, use a small aperture and decrease the ISO. Using a small aperture, reduces the amount of light that gets into the camera and decreasing the ISO reduces the camera’s sensitivity to light. If you can’t get the exposure dark enough, use a neutral density filter. This is a piece of glass that acts like sunglasses for the camera; it lets you use a long shutter speed without overexposing the picture.